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SOCIAL FORESTRY PROGRAMME


Published on: 11/21/2020 1:04:46 AM

Social forestry refers to the management and protection of forests and afforestation on barren lands with the purpose of helping in the environmental, social and rural development. The term was first used in India in 1976 by The National Commission on Agriculture, Government of India. The basic objective social forestry is to raising plantations by the common man so as to meet the growing demand for timber, fuel wood, fodder, etc., thereby reducing the pressure on the traditional forest area.

OBJECTIVE OF SOCIAL FORESTRY

  • Improve the environment for protecting agriculture from adverse climatic factors,
  • Increase the supply of fuel wood for domestic use, small timber for rural housing, fodder for livestock, and minor forest produce for local industries,
  • Increase the natural beauty of the landscape; create recreational forests for the benefit of rural and urban population,
  • Provide jobs for unskilled workers
  • Reclaim wastelands. Finally, its object is to raise the standard of living and quality of life of the rural and urban people.

TYPES OF SOCIAL FORESTRY

Agro-forestry

It involves the growth of trees and agriculture in the same setting to provide landowners with agricultural and tree products on a commercial basis.

Farm Forestry

In this farming, trees are managed for a specific purpose within a farming context. For Example-Timber plantations

Extension Forestry

It involves the planting of trees on the sides of canals, roads, and railways as well as on wastelands.

Community Forestry

It refers to the management of community land.

BENEFITS OF SOCIAL FORESTRY

1. It helps to increase biodiversity

2. It plays an essential role in the removal of carbon from the environment.

3. It help in soil conservation.

4. It help in noise reduction.

5. It help to clean and improve the quality of air.

Also Read | GREEN REVOLUTION | AGRICULTURE IN INDIA