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RIVER VALLEY PROJECTS OF RIVER GANGA


Published on: 11/10/2020 5:37:50 AM

The Ganga System is the most important river of India both from the point of view of its basin and cultural significance. It rises from the Gangotri glacier near Gaumukh (3,900 m) in the Uttarkashi district of Uttarakhand. Here, it is known as the Bhagirathi. It cuts through the Central and the Lesser Himalayas in narrow gorges. 

RIVER VALLEY PROJECTS OF RIVER GANGA

Tehri Project

It has been constructed at Tehri at the confluence of the rivers Bhilangana and Bhagirathi.

Ramganga Project

It is constructed on the river Ramganga, tributary of Ganga.

Tanakpur Project

It has been executed at Tanakpur (Uttarakhand) on the river Kali that flows on the Indo-Nepal border.

Gandak Project

It is joint project of Bihar, Uttar Pradesh and Nepal. Hydro-electricity is produced at Suratpura (Nepal) on the river Gandak. The dam has been built at Bhaisalotan (Valmikinagar) in Bihar.

Kosi Project

It is a joint project of Bihar and Nepal. The main objectives of this project are flood control, hydro-electricity production and irrigation. Kataiya in Nepal produced Hydro-electricity. The main canal in Bihar has been drawn out from the Hanuman Nagar Barrage.

Rihand Project

It has been executed at Pipri (Sonebhadra district, Uttar Pradesh) on the river Rihand, a tributary of the son.

Bansagar Project

It is joint project of Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh and Bihar on the son. It has been built on the son in the district of Shahdol in Madhya Pradesh.

Matatila Project

It is joint project of Madhya Pradesh and Uttar Pradesh on the river Betwa. The dam has been built in Uttar Pradesh.

Chambal Project

It is a joint undertaking by the Rajasthan and Madhya Pradesh governments. The Rana Pratap Dam at Bhata, 48 km from Kotah, was inaugurated on Feb 9, 1970. The project comprises construction of two other dams: Gandhi Sagar Dam in Madhya Pradesh and Jawahar Sagar (Kotah) Dam in Rajasthan.

Damodar Valley

Principal object of this multipurpose scheme is to control the flowing of the Damodar which is notorious for its vagaries and destructiveness. It is designed on the lines of the Tennessee Valley Authority (T.V.A.) in U.S.A.

Mayurakshi Project

It is joint project of undivided Bihar (Now Jharkhand) and West Bengal. A dam has been built on the river Mayurakshi at Masanjor in Dumka district of Jhakhand. It is also known as the ‘Canada Dam’.