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MIDDLE PALEOLITHIC SITES IN INDIA


Published on: 12/4/2020 12:44:29 AM

Middle Paleolithic Age started from 100,000 BC to 40,000 BC. In this age, man was scavenger but few evidences of hunting and gathering were traced. Blades, pointers, scrapers and borers were popular tools of this age but they were smaller, lighter and thinner.

The chief stone implement material of this age was flake. The implements made from flakes were Scraper, Burin, Borer etc. Due to excessiveness of implements made from flake, the Middle Paleolithic Age is also called ‘Flake Culture’.  In the Making of these implements the good quality of quartzite (a type of stone) was used. The precious stone like Chert, Zasper, Flint were also used in plenty to make implements.

State wise descriptions of Middle Paleolithic sites of India are given below.

State

River Valley Region (Archaeological sites)

Jowajan (Afghanistan)

  • Sanghao Cave

Punjab (Pakistan)

  • Sohan River Valley, Indus River Valley (Rohri)

Jammu Kashmir

  • Liddar River Valley (Pahalgam)

Himachal P.

  • Vyas-Vanganga River Valley
  • Sirsa River Valley

Rajasthan

  • Berach- Bagan-Kadmali River Valley,
  • Luni-Jojari-Resiya-Bandi-Sukari Lilary River Valley
  • Situated in Nagore district-Jayal, Mangalpura, Janana etc.
  • In eastern front of Thar district-Budha Pushkar

Gujarat

  • Various sites situated in Gujarat, Saurashtra, Kuchchh

Madhya Pradesh

  • Situated in Raisen district-Bhimbetaka caves
  • Situated in Panna district-Pandav Prapat
  • Situated in Sidhi district-Sihawal, Nakjharakhurd & Patapara
  • Situated on the bank of Narmada Samanpur

Uttar Pradesh

  • Situated in Varanasi district-Chakiya tehsil & Sonbhadra
  • Singroli basin of Mirzapur district
  • Meza, Karchhana & Baran tehsils of Allahabad district; Various sites situated in chitrakuta, Banda, Mahoba, Hamirpur, Jhansi, Lalitpur districts

Jharkhand

  • Various sites of Sinhbhum & Palamu districts

West Bengal

  • Various sites situated in Purulia district

Odisha

  • Buhar-Valang Valley

Maharashtra

  • Khandivalli, Newasa, Bel Pandhari, Suregaon, Kalegaon, Nandumadhameshwar

Andhra Pradesh

  • Various sites Situated in Kurnool, Nagar Junikonda, Nalgonda, Chittur, Kadappa, Nellore, Prakasham etc districts

Karnataka

  • Various sites situated is Shorapur doab, Bhima river & Hunsgi canal regions of Belgaum, Bijapur, Gulbarga, districts

Tamil Nadu

  • Attirapakkam, Gudiam

Also Read | EARLY PALEOLITHIC SITES IN INDIA