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INDUSTRIAL REGIONS OF INDIA


Published on: 11/27/2020 4:41:40 AM
Industrial regions emerge when a number of industries locate close to each other and share the benefits of their closeness. They tend to concentrate on certain locations because of the favourable locational factors. India has several industrial regions like Mumbai- Pune cluster, Bangalore-Tamil Nadu region, Hugli region, Ahmedabad-Baroda region, Chottanagpur industrial belt, Vishakhapatnam-Guntur belt, Gurgaon-Delhi-Meerut region and the Kollam Thiruvanathapuram industrial cluster.
 

INDUSTRIAL REGIONS OF  INDIA

Name of Industrial regions

Location and Characteristics

Mumbai-Pune Industrial Region

  • It extends from Mumbai-Thane to Pune and in adjoining districts of Nasik and Sholapur.
  • This industrial region was developed just because of the location of cotton textile industry in Mumbai.
  • Important Industrial Centre: Mumbai, Kolaba, Kalyan, Thane, Trombay, Pune, Nashik, Manmad, Sholapur, Kolhapur, Ahmednagar, Satara and Sagli.

Hugli Industrial Region

  • It extends from Bansberia in the north to Birlanagar in the south for a distance of about 100 km along the Hugli River.
  • Important industrial centres: Kolkata, Haora, Haldia, Serampur, Rishra, Shibpur, Naihati, Kakinara, Shamnagar, Titagarh, Sodepur, Budge Budge, Birlanagar, Bansberia, Belgurriah, Triveni, Hugli, Belur, etc.

Bangalore-Chennai Industrial Region

  • It spread in two states of Karnataka and Tamil Nadu; this region experienced the fastest industrial growth in the post-independence era.
  • Till 1960, industries were confined to Bangalore district of Karnataka and Salem and Madurai districts of Tamil Nadu. But now they have spread over all the districts of Tamil Nadu except Viluppuram.
  • Important industries: textiles, rail wagons, diesel engines, radio, light engineering goods, rubber goods, medicines, aluminium, sugar, cement, glass, paper, chemicals, film, cigarette, match box, leather goods, etc. Petroleum refinery at Chennai, iron and steel plant at Salem and fertiliser plants are recent developments.

Gujarat Industrial Region

  • It lies between Ahmedabad and Vadodara but this region extends upto Valsad and Surat in the south and to Jamnagar in the west.
  • Development of this region is also associated with the location of the cotton textile industry since 1860s. This region became an important textile region with the decline of the cotton textile industry at Mumbai.
  • Important industrial centres: Ahmedabad, Vadodara, Bharuch, Koyali, Anand, Khera, Surendranagar, Rajkot, Surat, Valsad and Jamnagar.

Chotanagpur Region

  • It extends over Jharkhand, northern Orissa and western West Bengal and is known for the heavy metallurgical industries.
  • This region owes its development to the discovery of coal in the Damodar Valley and metallic and non-metallic minerals in Jharkhand and northern Orissa.
  • Proximity of coal, iron ore and other minerals facilitated the location of heavy industries in this region.
  • Important Industrial Centre: Ranchi, Dhanbad, Chaibasa, Sindri, Hazaribag, Jamshedpur, Bokaro, Rourkela, Durgapur, Asansol and Dalmianagar.

Gurgaon-Delhi-Meerut Region

 

  • This region is located far away from the mineral and power resources, and therefore, the industries are light and market-oriented.
  • Electronics, light engineering and electrical goods are major industries of this region. Besides, there are cotton, woollen and synthetic fabrics, hosiery, sugar, cement, machine tools, tractor, cycle, agricultural implements, chemical and vanaspati industries which have developed on large scale.
  • Important industrial centres: Gurgaon, Delhi, Shahdara, Faridabad, Meerut, Modinagar, Ghaziabad, Ambala, Agra and Mathura

Kollam-Thiruvananthapuram Region

 

  • It extends over Tiruvanantpuram, Kollam, Alwaye, Ernakulum and Alappuzha districts.
  • Plantation agriculture and hydropower is the basis of this industrial region.
  • Important industrial centres: Kollam, Thiruvananthapuram, Alluva, Kocchi, Alappuzha, and Punalur.

 

Also Read AGRICULTURE IN INDIA