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ERA IN HISTORY


Published on: 12/1/2020 2:57:08 AM

An era is referred to as a span of time defined for the purposes of chronology or historiography, as in the reginal eras in the history of a monarchy, events, origin of geological time, human evolution etc.

Name of the Era

Reckoned from

Remarks

Kali

3101 BC

  • Began 20 years after the end of Mahabharata War.

Saptarshi/Laukika

3076 BC

  • Started after the expiry of 25 kali year.

Vikrama/Krita/ Malawa

58/57BC

  • Commenced by Vikramaditya, the local king of Ujjayini (Malawa), to commemorate the victory over the Sakas.

Saka

78 AD

  • Commenced by Kushan ruler Kanishka, on the occasion of his ascendence to the throne. Saka era is known as Salivahana Sakabda in South India.
  • The Government of India adopted Saka era along with the Gregorian Calendar (i.e. Julian Calendar/Christian Calendar) as National Calendar on 22 March, 1975 (1st Chaitra 1879 Saka)

Kalchuri

248 AD

  • Founded by Abhir king Ishwar Sen, later on used by Traikutaka ruler and Kalchuris of Chedi

Gupta

319-20 AD

  • Founded by Gupta ruler Chandragupta-I, on the occasion of his ascendence to the throne.
  • After the fall of the Guptas, the Maitrakas of Valabhi used this era with a new name Valabhi Samvata.
  • The beginning of Gupta era was fixed by J.F.Fleet in 1887 AD.

Harsha

606 AD

  • Founded by Harshvardhana of Kannauj, to pronounce his ascendence to the throne.

Hijri

622 AD

  • Founded by Umar, the second Caliphate of Khilafat empire, to commemorate the hijrat from Macca to Madina by Hazrat Muhammad.

Kollam

825 AD

  • An era that is in use in Malabar (Kerala).

Nevari/Nepali

879 AD

  • Founded by Jaydeo Mall.

Chalukya-Vikrama

1076 AD

  • Founded by Vikramaditya – VI, the Chalukya ruler of Kalyani, on the occasion of his ascendence to the throne.

Lakshmana

1119 AD

  • Founded by Sen ruler of Bengal Lakshmana Sen.

IIahi

1556 AD

  • Founded by Mughal ruler Akbar in 1584 AD, but in 1658 AD Aurangzeb abolished the use of IIahi era.

Raj Saka

1673 AD

  • Founded by Maratha Chhatrapati Shivaji to pronounce his ascendence to the throne.

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